Biplabi Dhrubesh Chattopadhyay was an active member of revolutionary
movement against the British. He was arrested in connection with
Dakshineswar Bomb Case and a British Tribunal sent him to 7 years of
rigorous imprisonment. In the jail, Dhrubesh took part in the killing
of Special Superintendent of Police and a leading British spy Bhupen
Chatterjee. He was then sent to a jail in Burma and from there to
infamous Cellular jail in the Andamans.
Andamans, in those days, was the home of all leading revolutionaries
and organizers of freedom movement. The British Jail administration
took special care to ensure that very few prisoners could go home.
Malnutrition, disease, unhygienic condition and above all hard manual
work made sure most prisoners died there or became so weak as to never
take part in freedom movement. Dhrubesh Chattopadhyay was a victim of
this systematic British campaign to weaken revolutionary fire. Though
he survived the ordeal, his health became fragile.
The heroic Andaman prisoners started indefinite hunger strike against
this inhuman treatment on July 25, 1937. The news of their hunger
strike reached Bengal and immediately stoked a huge fire of unrest.
In spite of his ill health - Rabindranath Tagore led the movement
in support of Andaman prisoners. Gandhiji also joined the movement
to bring back Andaman prisoners.
After 37 days of hunger strike - the British had to
accept defeat and agreed to bring back the prisoners
to more human condition in mainland jails.
Dhrubesh came in contact with Communist leaders In
the jail, - Harekrishna Kongar, Ananta Chakravorty,
Nalin Das, Fakir Sen etc. They formed a Communist
Consolidation cell and even celebrated May Day in
13 years of hardship in British jail took heavy toll of
Dhrubesh's life. His health became so fragile that the
British had to send him to Calcutta Central jail in 1937.
He was released from jail after 4 months - but fragile
health and Tuberculosis did not allow him to take
active organizational work.
Even in this condition, he took part in Uttarpara Hadcol
(Bone meal factory) workers' struggle alongwith Manoranjan
Hazra and organized Farmers' movement in Makhla Bonder Bill.
However, his health worsened day by day and ultimately
died on April 15' 1938 at young age of only 34 years.